The parking brake: how to use them, repair, types (2023)

OBrakeIt acts as a backup in the main brake system of your vehicle.

Buthow it works?

miWhat are the different types of parking brakes available today?

In this article, we will answer these questions and inform youWhen you should use your parking brake.What can you do if you have a parking brake?It's inBetter wayTo keep the parking brake of your vehicle in perfect condition.

This article contains:

  • What is a parking brake?
  • How a parking brake works
  • 3 different types of parking brakes
  • When should the parking brake use?
  • What should do in case of a stuck parking brake?
  • The best way to keep the parking brake in good condition

Let's start.

What is a parking brake?

The parking brake (also known as an emergency brake or handbrake) is part of the brake system of your vehicle, designed to keep your vehicle parked or immovable when it is parked.

For example, if you park your vehicle in an steep hill and want to prevent the vehicle from whether, it canInvolve the parking brake.

However, this was not theonlyreason why it was created.

Its original objective was to act as a backup brake system that would bring your car when primary brakes (Drum brake brake assembly) it has failed.

However, modern parking brakes do not have the same stoppower as the brake system or primary service.As a result, the parking brake is now used only to keep your stationary car.

This leads us to a question:

What is a K emergency brake like?EEPYour stationary vehicle when it is parked?

(Video) 01 Brake Apply System [service Brake & Parking Brake]

How a parking brake works

For beginners, your parking brake exists and worksno matterof the main brakes of the vehicle.

While primary brakes use a hydraulic braking system to slow down the vehicle, the emergency brake generally uses a mechanical braking system (made of levers and wire cables) to keep your car in place.

When surrounding the car parking brake, the wire cables attached to the parking brake lever is squeezed.

Comundrum brakeSystem, the adjusted parking brake cable activates a lever that compresses its parking lotbrake padsAgainst the rear wheel brake drum.To the extent that the parking brake shoe pushes against the brake drum, generates friction that helps avoid the movement of the vehicle.

On the other hand, with a disc brake system, the parking brake cable activates a mechanism of the bag, pushing, pushing theBrake clamppiston againstbrake pedalThe brake pad then press the rear brake disc (orBrake rotor) To generate friction stops.

However, many modern vehicles have started using electronic parking brake systems.

Instead of the parking brake lever and the parking brake cable, an electric parking brake uses an electrical switch and an engine to avoid wheel movement.

When pushing the electric parking brake switch, an electric motor inside each disc rear disc or the drum brake assembly is active.The electric motor forces the parking brake shoe (or the brake pad) against the rear brake drum (or the rear brake brake disc) to restrict the rear wheel movement.

Now that you know how the parking brake or emergency brake works, let's take a look at the various types of parking brakes available:

3 different types of parking brakes

You will usually find theseThreeTypes of parking brakes:

A. central lever parking brake

The central lever parking brake (or handbrake) is the most common emergency brake type.It is a lever located between the two front seats in your vehicle.

To wrap a central lever parking brake, you just need to pull the parking brake lever.

(Video) How do drum brakes work in cars and light vehicles. (3D animation)

To unravel the handbrake, all you need to do is press the button at the end of the lever and press the central lever down.

B. Foot pedal parking brake

A standing pedal parking brake system (or standing brake) has a small pedal located to the left of the driver's foot.

The driver's foot is the space under the steering wheel that houses the clutch pedal (in a manual transmission vehicle), regular brake pedal and accelerator pedal.

To activate the foot brake, you must press the parking brake pedal until you hear a click sound: at this time the parking brake is wrapped.To release the foot brake, locate the lever just above the leverBrake pedalAnd pull that.

C. button parking brake

The button parking brake (found in vehicles that use an electric park brake system) is probably the easiest to use.

Simply press the electronic parking brake button on your vehicle's console to activate the emergency brake.To release the electric parking brake, press the button once again.

However, regardless ofmodelparking brake that uses your vehicle, it is essential to knowWhen and whyYou must involve your emergency brake.

When should the parking brake use?

Like many car owners, the brake of the foot or hand brake probably involves only when you need to park your car on an steep slope, like a hill.In addition, if your vehicle uses automatic transmission, you are likely to use the parking brake is even lower.

Unfortunately, if the car brake or the emergency brake of the car remain unused during long durations, the parking brake cable and other components can degrade and lose their functionality.As a result, your emergency brake may not work when necessary, so it is security.risk.

In addition, parking your automatic transmission vehicle without involving the handbrake or brake on the foot can cause wear in your vehicle parking.

The parking tongue (or pin) is a small march adjusted to the automatic transmission system of your vehicle.When the transmission of your vehicle to the park (P) changes, the parking tongue blocks the gears of its automatic transmission instead.

Every time you park your vehicle on a slope without involving the emergency brake, a lot of stress is induced in the small parking tongue.And this intense stress can make him fail, damaging his transmission system.

(Video) Electric Parking Brake


As a general rule,Wrap the parking brake every time your vehicle is.

Do this regardless of whether the Earth is mountain or flat and if it has an automatic transmission vehicle or manual transmission.

Now what should you do if your car parking is stuck?

What should do in case of a stuck parking brake?

Over time, due to exposure to the environment and other factors, the parking brake in your vehicle may be stuck.For example, oxide in the parking brake cable can cause the parking brake to crash and stop working.

If you have oneHand brakeTry to fix the parking brake system as soon as possible.

Although it may be tempting to correct the parking brake blocked on its own, this is not advisable.


Without the right tools (such as tone stores, wheel wedges, lubricants, etc.) and an adequate experience, it is possible that it cannot diagnose and correct the problems of parking brakes correctly.

We recommend thatRequest a mechanicTo inspect and solve the problems of the parking brakes of your car.

A mechanic does:

1. Place the wedges of the wheel on the wheels (usually the front wheels) not affected by the parking brake.

(Video) How Electric Parking Brakes Work

2. Take the car and use mono cabins to keep the vehicle tall.

3. Remove the wheel and locate the parking brake cable (for a mechanical parking brake system) or an electric motor (for an electric parking brake system).

4. Diagnosis what is causing the parking brake to crash or get stuck.

5. Service, repair or replace the components of the parking brake according to the underlying question.

6. Replace the wheels and lower the car on the floor.

7. Wrap the manual brake, the foot pedal or the electronic parking brake switch to see if it works as expected.

Note: When hiring a mechanic to repair their emergency brake, make sure they:

  • SonASE Certificate
  • Offer a parking brake service guarantee
  • And use only high quality spare parts

But where do you find this mechanic?

The best way to keep the parking brake in good condition

If you notice a parking brake problem, it is better to call a mechanic to save the problem of driving to a workshop.

That's why you must contactRepair, a convenient and without complicationsMobile automatic repair solution.

CommunicateRepair, you get the following benefits:

  • Only certified and experienced ASE technicians inspect, serve and repair their vehicle
  • Convenient and fast online reserve for all your repair and service needs
  • Advanced and competitive prices guaranteed
  • All repair and maintenance services can be done in your garage, so it is not necessary to worry about towing your vehicle for the workshop
  • The latest equipment and high quality spare parts are used at the service of your vehicle.
  • 12 months |12,000 miles warranty in all repair services

Final thoughts

The parking brake, when activated, keeps its stationary parked vehicle.

(Video) Parking Brake Simulator | Brake Drum Type | How it works

But when you run out of use, your parking brake can begin to degrade and lose your effectiveness.To ensure that your parking brake continues to function in the way you should, try to involve the parking brake every time your vehicle is.

And if your parking brake gets stuck for some reason, you may need a parking brake service.

To inspect your vehicle, repair or repair conveniently, onlyContact repairs.
Our certified technicians will come to their garage to meet all their brake service needs, be problems with their parking brake,Brake fluid, So,master cylinder, Or something else!


What are the three 3 types of parking brake lever? ›

There are different types of parking brakes like the pedal-type, lever-type, and electronic-type.

What are the 2 types of parking brakes? ›

There are two types of parking brakes installed in vehicles, caliper mounted or drum/brake shoe. Caliper mounted brakes are connected to the brake caliper via a cable that is connected by the handle or foot pedal. When the cable is pulled, it immediately clamps the caliper to the rotor.

How do you use a parking brake? ›

  1. Press down completely on the brake pedal.
  2. Pull the lever, step on the pedal, or press the parking brake button (consult your owner's manual for the specifics for your car)
  3. Shift your automatic transmission into “Park” or put your manual transmission in gear.
  4. Release the brake pedal.

What are the three basic types of parking methods? ›

The most common types of parking are angle parking, perpendicular parking and parallel parking. Angle parking is especially widespread in parking lots, where vehicles are designated to go one way.

How many types of parking brakes are there? ›

There are four types of parking brakes.

What are the 3 types of brake pads? ›

These days, drivers typically have a choice between three types of brake pads: ceramic vs. semi metallic vs. organic brake pads.

Which are different types of parking system? ›

Types of Parking Available in India
  • On the street parking. On-street parking refers to automobiles parked along the sides of the road. ...
  • Off the street Parking. ...
  • Parallel parking. ...
  • 30 Degree Parking. ...
  • 45 Degree Parking. ...
  • 60 Degree Parking. ...
  • Parking at a Right Angle. ...
  • Car Parking on Multiple Levels.

What is the most common type of parking brake? ›

The center lever parking brake (or handbrake) is the most common type of emergency brake. It consists of a lever located between the two front seats of your vehicle.

What are the two methods of emergency braking? ›

Controlled braking: With this method, you apply the brakes as hard as you can without locking the wheels. Stab braking: Use only on vehicles without anti-lock brake systems. Apply your brakes all the way.

Which braking method is the best method for? ›

Dynamic braking is the safest form of motor braking where braking force is dependent on motor speed, the braking energy is dissipated and minimal stress is created over the system.

What are the 4 major components of an anti lock braking system? ›

The four major components of ABS are speed sensors, valves, pump, and electronic control unit (ECU).

How does emergency parking brake work? ›

When the emergency brake is pulled, the lever forces the corkscrew against caliper piston, and applies the brakes, again bypassing the hydraulic braking system. Electric e-brakes are available on some cars today.

Do you use your parking brake every time you park? ›

The short answer: whenever you park! "Whether your car is a manual or automatic, the terrain is hilly or flat, you should use your parking brake every time you park," writes Driver's Ed Guru. The parking brake is essential to your safety and those around you.

What are the four main types of parking? ›

Different techniques to park: parallel, perpendicular, angle and double parking.

What is the easiest parking technique? ›

  1. Position your car. Slowly steer your car so that it is parallel to the car parked in front of the empty space. ...
  2. Check your mirrors. ...
  3. Start backing up. ...
  4. Straighten the steering wheel. ...
  5. Begin turning your steering wheel to the left. ...
  6. Check how close you are. ...
  7. Adjust your position. ...
  8. Don't forget to pay before you leave.

How does parking system work? ›

How it works: Drivers take their cars to the entrance of the automatic parking system where all occupants exit the vehicle. From here, the vehicle is moved by mechanical maneuvers to an available space where it is automatically parked or parked by an attendant.

What are the 3 types of brake systems on a typical vehicle equipped with air brakes? ›

Air brakes use compressed air to make the brakes work. Air brakes are a good and safe way of stopping large and heavy vehicles, but the brakes must be well maintained and used properly. Air brakes are really three different braking systems: service brake, parking brake, and emergency brake.

What is the difference between parking brake and handbrake? ›

The key difference between auxiliary brakes is that one is called a “parking brake” while the other is called an “emergency brake” but in essence there is no difference. The term "handbrake" is most commonly used in reference to performance vehicles.

What are the different types of brake levers? ›

Types of Brake Levers

There are two broad categories into which almost all brake levers fall: those which are designed for use with drop handle bars, and those which are designed for flat or upright handlebars.

What is the parking brake lever? ›

Answer: A parking brake, also called an emergency brake or e-brake, is a mechanical hand lever or foot-operated brake that is a backup braking system. It is located either between the front two seats or to the left of your gas and brake pedal.

What are the three 3 types of foundation brake used on trucks? ›

Types of foundation brakes

There are three types of foundation brake systems - “S” cam brakes, disc brakes and wedge brakes.

What are 3 types of brake rotors? ›

Types Of Brake Rotors
  • Blank & Smooth. Blank and smooth rotors are the most common rotor type for passenger vehicles, like most standard sedans. ...
  • Drilled. Drilled rotors have a series of holes drilled in spiraling patterns across the surface. ...
  • Slotted. ...
  • Drilled & Slotted.
Feb 25, 2021

What are the two types of hydraulic brake system? ›

There are two brake operation methods for hydraulic brakes: spring actuation (engage) and spring return (disengage): Spring Actuation/Engage—The spring engages during operation and requires power to disengage. Spring-actuated brakes are also called power-off brakes, fail-safe brakes, and safety brakes.

How does a parking brake valve work? ›

Most spring brake control valves are pushed to supply air and release the spring brakes, then pulled to exhaust air and apply the spring brakes. Some vehicles may have this function reversed, but its functions are normally described on or near the control valve.

What is park brake solenoid? ›

A solenoid brake is an electrically controlled brake. The brake is turned on and off by an electrical solenoid. Typically a spring engages the brake when unpowered, and the solenoid releases it when powered. These are used along with a mechanical brake to manage the load on a cargo winch.

What are the 4 braking techniques? ›

Braking Techniques for Smooth Driving, Control & Reduced Stopping Distance
  • Controlled braking.
  • Threshold braking.
  • Cover braking.
Oct 26, 2020

What are the 3 main factors for braking performance? ›

Several factors affect how your vehicle's brakes work. These include the speed and weight of your vehicle, brake adjustment and anti-lock braking systems.


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