Essential tools for florists and how to use them. —Walden Flowers (2022)

Essential tools for florists and how to use them. —Walden Flowers (1)

We are often asked about different techniques and tools in floriculture. Often these techniques use different tools to make them work effectively. That's why we decided to put together an overview of the most common flower tools and how to use them.

In general, the most common tools and accessories for florists are floral tape, needle frogs, water hoses, cutting tools like scissors or shears, vases, chicken wire, floral foam and paddle wire. With these items, you will be able to tackle almost any flower job.

Let's take a look at each one and why you need them in your studio today.

Essential tools for florists and how to use them. —Walden Flowers (2)

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flower ribbon

Flower tape is extremely useful in many areas of floristry. The first thing you need to know is that there are different types of floral tape. There is the common floral tape used to wrap the stems and the waterproof floral tape.

We prefer to use the waterproof floral tape for any situation where we need tape. Our favorite brand for this type of tape is Oasis and we love the thinner 1/4 inch size.Here's a link to Amazon if you're interested in buying something for yourself.

The reason we love this floral tape so much is that the adhesive adheres well to flower stems and anything else. We like to use it for bridal bouquets, bridesmaid bouquets and boutonniere. It's really strong and reliable when you wrap your bouquet stems. It also doesn't come off easily due to its water resistance. We found it reliable.

Another great use for this is to make duct tape grid on vases. (If you don't know what a bandraster is, we recommend signing up for our newsletter and downloading our free book. In our book How to Make an Arrangement Using Grocery Flowers, we show you how to make one.) Again, it's strength and tightness guarantee grids reliable webbing that won't come off even during shipment to our customers.

You'll likely find countless uses for floral tape in your studio. We use it every day, all the time.

We have nothing against regular elastic floral tape. Some people swear by it and that's great. But we just found that floral tape works best for us.


Needle Frogs are reusable heavy metal discs with small nail-like spikes protruding from the base. It looks like a small circular bed of nails. The Needle Frog needs to be taped to the bottom center of your vase with floral tape. When designing, the flower stems are placed between these spikes, which provides the structure needed to hold the flowers.

Needle frogs create magical flowers. They add structure to the base of the arrangement, allowing you to place flower stalks in all sorts of wild directions.

Essential tools for florists and how to use them. —Walden Flowers (3)

This arrangement above is an example of our work where the vase uses a ribbon latticework with a needle frog at the bottom. This is probably one of my favorite combinations.

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Since frogs are heavy, they add a nice heft to the bottom center of your arrangement. This can help prevent your arrangements from toppling over in windy situations. It depends on the strength of the wind, but it helps.

You can buy needle frogs at your local flower shop or atamazon yesterday(link to Amazon), and you can getfloral glue clay here🇧🇷 (also a link to Amazon). We usually use white putty, but green is also available.

water hoses

Water hoses are essential for placing a flower in places that do not have access to water. These are small tubes that you fill with water using a rubber stopper. The rubber cap has a hole where you place a flower stem. The tribe will have access to its own private water supply. This will keep them hydrated for a while, depending on how quickly the flower drinks the water (every flower is different).

This item is great for events. It allows you to place flowers in that unexpected place. For example, when we make floral table runners from scratch, we use water pipes for flowers that stay outside all night. We just wash the trunk and then cover it with vegetation and no one will ever know a water hose is attached to it.

Another good use is for bows. This takes the pressure off of making sure you have a rod long enough to fit through the foam cage on your bow. You can just irrigate with water and continue. As you can see, they are extremely useful.

Water hoses are inexpensive tools to keep in your toolbox. You never know when you're going to need one. here are someWater hoses in the Amazon🇧🇷 We prefer these because they have spikes at the top. We found that they adhere better to your mechanics and hold a good amount of water.

Essential tools for florists and how to use them. —Walden Flowers (4)

cutting tools

Cutting tools are probably the most important tool for florists. Clippers, saws, pruners, you name it, florists use it.

We have already written about this in detail in two separate articles.

• If you want to know more about our favorite flower cutting machine,read more here.

• If you want to learn about other important flower stem cutting methods,read more here.

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Essential tools for florists and how to use them. —Walden Flowers (5)


An object that is often underestimated, but never forgotten, is the vase. The vase is extremely important in floral design, not just because it simply contains your flowers, but because the shape itself determines the shape of the floral arrangement. I would say that the choice of vase is as important as the choice of flowers in the arrangement.

The physical properties of the vase affect its overall design. The color of the vase will contrast with the colors of your arrangement. The size and shape of the vase will determine how many flowers you can place, which direction the flowers will go, and how tall or wide your arrangement will be.

The shape of the vase also influences which of these methods, which we explain in this article, will work best for your arrangement. It's best to test each one of them and find something that works. If you don't know which method to try for your vase, you can also create a masking tape grid.

We find it best to use a band grid in combination with another method such as B. pins or chicken wire.

chicken wire

When you think of wire mesh, your first thoughts are probably not floral designs. But chicken wire is one of the most useful things in a flower studio. It is also important to note that the chicken wire must be the green vinyl coated version. This will prevent it from rusting in your pots.

The best floral uses for chicken wire are inside vases or forming a framework for installations.

Placing chicken wire in a vase is great for adding some stem structure to your flower arrangement. Think of it like scaffolding on a building. You just cut some wire and crumble it into a ball like a piece of paper. Be careful not to cut yourself, the cut edges are sharp.

We used chicken wire to create large installations like cloud-like structures hanging from the ceiling. We simply form a ball, spray it with spray to match the color of our foliage, and start gluing it onto feathery fern and other greens. Once fully covered, you can start placing your flowers (be sure to water them with a hose).

Chicken Wire solves a lot of problems in the studio, its strength, ability to hold flowers and at the same time lightweight makes it an ideal canvas for your floral design.

Here is an example of the chicken wire we used.from the Amazon. You can get this at any hardware store.

floral foam

Floral foam has become a hot topic these days, and not in a good way. It's not very sustainable and inhaling the dust that forms when cutting the foam is not good for your lungs.

But sometimes you need to use floral foam. We tend to use it as a last resort when we can't find a better solution.

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Floral foam is a dense green foam that absorbs water. It can and will keep your flowers hydrated throughout the event, even in the sun. By using floral foam, you don't have to use a grid of masking tape or any other type of mechanics to give your flowers structure. The foam is dense enough to hold the flowers. The only caveat is that every time you drive a log into the structure, it weakens. So if you keep trying to put the same flower in the same place, it won't hold. But if you keep that in mind when designing, it's not a big deal.

The great thing about floral foam is that it can be cut to any shape you like. You can simply cut off a piece and place it in the vase of your choice.

To soak the floral foam, we recommend taking a bucket full of water and placing the floral foam on the surface of the water. It will float. Let the water seep into the foam on its own. Eventually it sinks to the bottom. This is the best way to soak the foam. If you push the foam into the water, it won't completely absorb the water. Honestly, we tried this and didn't have that much of an issue, but better safe than sorry. Allowing the foam to absorb on its own will ensure that the center of the foam is adequately saturated with water. Also, it's easier to put the foam in the water and go. There's always something to do at the studio!

There are several accessories for floral foam. Our favorites are floral foam cages. Containing visible floral foam, this cage can be attached to any structure for your floral design. These are great for bows!

The best floral foam is from Oasis,we use these(Link to Amazon). This link takes you to the bulk package, but you can also buy them in smaller quantities on Amazon.

Essential tools for florists and how to use them. —Walden Flowers (6)

rowing wire

The spade wire is a thin green wire wrapped around a spade. It is made of metal and is flexible and strong. We mostly use it in installations to hold flowers or branches in place. Every now and then you'll get a difficult rod that obviously doesn't stay where you want it when you're working on an arch or other structure. Just loop the frame to the stem and tighten until it's in place. Also useful in the studio for occasional use.

Think of the paddle wire as a powerful way to connect things that matches the mechanics perfectly. Zip ties are also fantastic for this, but they can be a little intrusive. The blade of the shovel is very fine and dark green. It's hard to see and easy to cover up.

Here is a rowing wirefrom the Amazon. It's all pretty much the same thing and a little bit takes a lot of time. It's one of those things I don't need very often, but there's nothing quite like it when I do.

As an Amazon Associate, Walden Floral LA LLC earns on qualifying purchases. For more information, see our privacy policy.


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What are the basic tools required for flower arrangement? ›

Examples – bucket, scissors, knife, watering can, mister, wire cutter, cocktail sticks, turn, wire, floral tape, candle holder, cut flower preservatives, and secateurs.

What equipment do florists use? ›

In general, the most common florist tools and supplies are floral tape, pin frogs, water tubes, cutting tools like shears or clippers, vases, chicken wire, floral foam, and paddle wire. With these items, you will be able to tackle almost any floral job.

What is the most important tool used by a floral designer? ›

"The most important tools we use are floral clippers, floral netting, and floral tape. Sharp floral clippers are really important to give you a clean cut that will help your flower stems drink more easily and by using floral netting and floral tape you're able to achieve a loose, garden-inspired style more easily."

What do florists use to cut flowers? ›

Pruning shears are a type of scissors used for cutting plant stems. Floral designers look to pruners for cutting through tough, woody stems that are not easily cut with knives. A paring knife can be a good substitute for a cut-flower knife, but the blade may be too long and, therefore, difficult to hold and control.

What are the five most important hand tools used in floral industry? ›

10 Floral Tools Every Florist Should Have
  • Floral Knife. A floral knife is an essential tool for every designer. ...
  • Floral Branch Cutters. In your floral arranging, thicker stems and branches can be a problem without the right tool. ...
  • Floral Cages. ...
  • Flower Thorn Strippers. ...
  • Floral Tape. ...
  • Floral Foam. ...
  • Florist Wire. ...
  • Floral Picks.
23 Jun 2021

What is the golden rule in floral design? ›

Euclid's golden ratio, in the simplest of terms, works in thirds – whether that is volume, area or line. For example, in terms of line, the total height of an arrangement should compromise one-third container, two-thirds tallest stems, or vice versa.

What are the 7 principles of floral design? ›

7 key principles of floral design
  • Balance. There are two types in floral design: Physical and visual balance. ...
  • Scale. There are 2 interpretations of scale but both are relevant in floral design regardless. ...
  • Proportion. Proportion and scale are closely related to each other. ...
  • Dominance / Emphasis. ...
  • Rhythm. ...
  • Contrast. ...
  • Harmony.

What is the rule of thumb in floral design? ›

Most professional florists stick to the simple rule of thumb that the height and width of the arrangement should be 1 1/2 to 2 times the height and width of the container holding the flowers.

What are 3 things florists do? ›

Florists have different roles and responsibilities. They stock shops with flowers and plants, design arrangements, package and deliver products and consult with customers. Because they work with perishable products under tight schedules and non-negotiable deadlines, their jobs can be stressful.

What are three of the main things that a florist needs to find out from a bride during the initial consultation? ›

With that, here are a few basic pieces of information that your florist will need to know prior to an initial consultation.
  • * Date and location of the wedding.
  • * Estimated number of guests.
  • * Number of people in your bridal party.
  • * Style, color palette, vision, etc.
  • * Estimated floral budget.
1 Apr 2021

How much profit does a flower shop make? ›

Your goal is a 70% profit margin on your flowers and hard-goods. The mark-up on your flowers is typically 3 to 4x your wholesale cost. The mark-up on your hard-goods is usually 2 to 2.5x your cost.

What is the use of flower tool? ›

Excellent tool for creating fine smooth lines on silk leaves, calyxes and petals. Fantastic tool to make realistic silk flowers of Lily of the Valley. Works double duty, it can easily be used to shape rose petals and other parts of flowers as well.

What are techniques in floral design? ›

Grouping • Banding • Binding • Shadowing • Sequencing • Framing • Zoning • Parallelism • Skeletonizing Let's examine each of these design techniques in detail. The act of covering the area at the base of a floral arrange- ment is generally known as basing.

What are the four elements of floral design? ›

Color, form, line, and texture comprise the elements of design. They are the physical characteristics of materials used in floral compositions.

What are the 5 basic types of flower arrangement? ›

Types of Flower Arrangement
  • Elliptical flower arrangement.
  • Vertical flower arrangement.
  • Triangular flowers.
  • The crescent flower arrangement.
  • The 'S' shaped flower arrangement.
  • The oval shaped flower arrangement.
  • The cascade flower arrangement.
12 Mar 2021

What do you put in fresh cut flowers to make them last longer? ›

Dissolve 3 tablespoons sugar and 2 tablespoons white vinegar per quart (liter) of warm water. When you fill the vase, make sure the cut stems are covered by 3-4 inches (7-10 centimeters) of the prepared water. The sugar nourishes the plants, while the vinegar inhibits bacterial growth.

What is the powder for cut flowers? ›

If you have ever purchased flowers or been given them as a gift, then you will probably be familiar with the little packet of flower food that comes with the bouquet. These little packets contain a mixture of sugar, citric acid, and bleach that help keep your flowers fresh and blooming for longer.

What are the minor tools used in floriculture? ›

Florist Tools:
  • Knives.
  • Bunch Cutters.
  • Blade Flower Stem Cutter.
  • Pruning Shears.
  • Floral Cage.
  • Floral Pillow.
  • Flower Frog.
  • Glue Gun.
19 Dec 2018

What parts of the flower are most important to florists? ›

The style leads down to the ovary that contains the ovules. Other parts of the flower that are important are the petals and sepals. Petals attract pollinators and are usually the reason why we buy and enjoy flowers.

What tool do you use to cut floral foam? ›

A florist must have cutting knife for flower foam blocks. A handy tool for decorating wedding, opening ceremony. Easy to use.

What are the 6 elements of floral design? ›

Size: In Floral Design, size is a visual dimension of a component, rather than the actual dimension. The six Principles of Design are: Balance, Contrast, Dominance, Proportion, Scale and Rhythm.

What does yellow mean in floral design? ›

Yellow flowers represent joy and lightheartedness. They are also a symbol of friendship, new beginnings, and happiness.

What are three types of floral design? ›

The concept of harmony helps to create a pleasing finished design. Each flower has a distinctive 3-dimensional form (shape). It is usually either a point, spherical, line, or transitional form.

How do you balance a floral arrangement? ›

Balance in Floral Arrangements

It doesn't mean that each side of a design must match the other, but that one side, color, or texture, is offset by an equal element on the opposite side. Make sure arrangements have equal visual weight or equal eye attraction on each side of the arrangement.

What is the rule of proportion for most floral arrangements? ›

Container = 1/3 total height

Nothing looks worse than too few flowers in too large a vase, or tall flowers in a vase that is too short. The proportion is what matters. Some experts suggest that the height of the container should be one third the height of the total arrangement.

What is P in floral diagram? ›

The number of floral parts are indicated along with symbols at the base of a floral diagram and their union by showing a bracket.
Floral Symbols.
SymbolDescription / Full form
PPerianth (tepals)
AAndroecium (stamens)
GGynoecium (carpels)
Bisexual flower
27 more rows
9 Feb 2021

What is negative space in floristry? ›

Negative space is space void of a design or left empty around individual flower and plant material: it is space without contents. This third part of the space element is a wonderful way to create focal areas which are areas of dominance.

What makes a great florist? ›

Having a quick eye for balance, color, and harmony are essential for any florist looking to delight customers with stunning arrangements, so creativity is crucial. Being able to convey emotion and tone through cut flowers is a real skill, and a great florist brings a genuine love of the art to the table.

What skills do florists need? ›

Important Qualities
  • Artistic ability. Floral designers use their sense of style to develop aesthetically pleasing designs.
  • Creativity. Floral designers must develop appropriate designs for different occasions. ...
  • Customer-service skills. ...
  • Organizational skills.
8 Sept 2022

What do florists do with unsold flowers? ›

You can ask your local florist when they restock and then check the evening prior to the restock for discount sales, most florists will be happy to make at least some money out of older blooms. Leftover flowers are sometimes distributed to hospitals and care homes.

What are the 5 elements and 6 principles of design used in floral? ›

The primary principles are Proportion, Balance, Dominance, Rhythm, Contrast and Unity. The secondary principles of Design are: Scale, Focal Area/Focal Point, Repetition, Accent, Depth, Transition, Variation, Opposition, and Tension.

What do florists stick flowers into? ›

Floral foam - those green blocks of sponge-like foam that is also known as Oasis - is much-loved by florists for it's convenience.

What a florist should ask a bride? ›

Top 4 Questions a Florist Should Ask a Bride
  • When and where should the wedding be held?
  • What types and colors of flowers should you use?
  • How big and tall are you guests?
  • How many are coming and where will the flowers come from?
19 May 2019

How do I price a floral arrangement? ›

Flower & Foliage Markup:

For flowers and foliage, the most commonly used markup is 350% times your wholesale cost per stem. When using a full bunch you would use the same formula and charge 350% times the wholesale cost of the bunch.

How do I make my flower business successful? ›

10 Things I Did To Grow My Floral Business
  1. #1. I Don't Wait For Perfect.
  2. #2. I Double Down On Customer Service.
  3. #3. I Pay Myself First.
  4. #4. I quit my “other jobs” to do flowers full-time.
  5. #5. I Built My Brand On Quality.
  6. #6. I Made A Website My Customers Love.
  7. #7. I Plan For Success.
  8. #8. I Don't Overbuy.
30 Jan 2019

What are 8 basic tools used in floral design? ›

  • The Floral Knife. A floral knife is an essential tool for every floral designer. ...
  • Floral Branch Cutters. In your floral arranging, thicker stems and branches can be a problem without the right tool. ...
  • Flower Thorn Strippers. ...
  • Floral Cages. ...
  • Floral Tape. ...
  • Floral Foam. ...
  • Florist Wire. ...
  • Floral frog.
20 Sept 2022

What are 2 common forms in floral design? ›

These are “closed forms” and “open forms.” Both are key elements of floral design and are essential to creating beautiful flower arrangements appropriate for any space or occasion.

What are the five elements of success in the floral design field? ›

The five elements of design are line, color, form, space and texture.

What is the basic rule in flower arrangement? ›

The perfect arrangement of flowers is the one with the right balance. This means that the height of the arrangement should be at least one and a half times more than the height of the container. Although the height of the arrangement can be higher than this, it is never lower.

What are the five most important hand tools used in the floral industry? ›

10 Floral Tools Every Florist Should Have
  • Floral Knife. A floral knife is an essential tool for every designer. ...
  • Floral Branch Cutters. In your floral arranging, thicker stems and branches can be a problem without the right tool. ...
  • Floral Cages. ...
  • Flower Thorn Strippers. ...
  • Floral Tape. ...
  • Floral Foam. ...
  • Florist Wire. ...
  • Floral Picks.
23 Jun 2021

What is trending in floral design? ›

Brighter and bolder colors are returning to the forefront, which will be seen throughout floral design in 2022. In addition to the Pantone Color of the Year 2022, a vibrant periwinkle, this year is also embracing blues, greens, and pinks. We're sure to see these colors shine in floral design trends.

What materials do you need to make a flower vase? ›

It can be made from a number of materials, such as ceramics, glass, non-rusting metals, such as aluminium, brass, bronze, or stainless steel. Even wood has been used to make vases, either by using tree species that naturally resist rot, such as teak, or by applying a protective coating to conventional wood or plastic.

What are the tools and materials in making the vase? ›

The tools and raw materials that are used for decorative pot are as follows:
  • Clay Vase: It is used as a basic material in decorating the vase.
  • Acrylic Paint: It is used to paint the clay vase.
  • Water: It is used to reduce the density of paint while painting.
  • Paint Brush: It is used to brush the paint on the vase.

What are the 7 elements of floral design? ›

The elements are Line, Form, Space, Texture and Pattern, Color, Size, and Fragrance.

What are the 6 principles of floral design? ›

Size: In Floral Design, size is a visual dimension of a component, rather than the actual dimension. The six Principles of Design are: Balance, Contrast, Dominance, Proportion, Scale and Rhythm.

How do you prepare flowers for a vase? ›

Cut the stems to length with a clean, angled cut without leaving jagged edges that could lead to decay. Place prepared stems in a bucket of clean water and leave in a cool place for at least two to three hours or, ideally, overnight. This will allow the flowers to drink before being brought into a warmer environment.

What device holds flowers in vase? ›

A flower frog is a device used to help arrange flowers. Some, such as the Japanese kenzan, are utilitarian metal devices that fit into a vase or bowl and fix the stems by metal needles. Other designs use a number of holes or guides that stems could be fit through for arranging.

What are the 7 parts of a vase? ›

Terms in this set (7)
  • one. mouth.
  • two. lip/rim.
  • three. neck.
  • four. shoulder.
  • five. body/belly.
  • six. base.
  • seven. foot.


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